Sankranti festival information in English

Sankranti is one of the most popular festivals of India. It is celebrated all over the India by various names and also in some other parts of the world this festival is celebrated with lots of joy. Sankranthi is a harvest festival it is basically celebrated in the Hindu communities.

What is the significance of Sankranthi

Makar sankranthi is on 15 jan 2019. Sankranthi is dedicated to the god sun. On this day the sun moves from one zodiac sign to another i.e., the sun enters the sphere of Capricorn zodiac. This festival is celebrated by lakhs of hindu devotees. On this day the devotees take a dip in the holy River, pray the sun and thanks for their successes and prosperity. In various parts of India people prepares sesame ladoo and other sweets with sugar and jaggery (gud, gur) and distributes to all the relatives, friends and neighbours.

Sankranthi festival in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana

In Ap and Telangana this festival is celebrated for 4 days.

Day 1 Bhogi
Day 2 Makara Sankranti
Day 3 Kanuma
Day 4 Mukkanuma


The first day of sankranthi is bhogi. On this day people discard old things and concentrates on new things causing change or transformation. People light a bonfire early in the morning and start their day with joy and fun.

The second day is makara sankranthi. People wakes early in the morning, makes beautiful rangoli infront of houses and decorates the rangoli with colours, flowers and small hand-pressed piles of cow dung (gobbemma), wear new clothes, prepares traditional food and pray to god by offering those tasty foods. In some culture people also offers food to ancestors who have died.

The third day is kanuma. It is very intimate to the hearts of all farmers as because the 3rd day is the day for praying & showcasing their cattle with honour. Animals play a special role on this day, particularly cows. Most of the people feed the animals, birds and other animals as a symbol of sharing

The fourth day is mukkanuma, this day is popular among the non-vegetarians of the Hindu society. On the fourth day all farmers offers prayers to the elements i.e., soil, fire and rain as these elements plays an important role in harvest. In some areas (village) people offer animals and gifts to the goddesses. The people of coastal Andhra doesn’t eat non-veg during first three days they do so only on the day of mukkanuma.

The main beauty of this festival is people celebrate with union of families, friends and all relatives. They fly colourful kites.

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